overburdened health infra

  1. NITI Aayog has launched a Health Index which is known as Performance on Health Outcomes Index (PHOI) and aims to rank various states on the basis of their performance on measurable health indicators.
  2. Annual health increments of the states would be recorded over several months on the inputs given by domestic and international experts as well as by the states’ feedback on the subject.
  3. Health is called wealth but this wealth of the country is in shatters. More than the health of the citizens, it is the health sector which is ailing.maternal health
  4. India has one of the world’s highest number of women dying at childbirth which is measured as Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and is at 178 per 1000 women.
  5. It has one of the world’s highest deaths of infants under the age of 1 which is called Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) which is 40 per 1000 live births, and has 1 doctor for every 1,700 people. The health problem is worsened by poor basic health services and sanitation.
  6. India lacks necessary health infrastructure which can be judged by the fact that WHO recommends 3.5 hospital beds per 1000 where has India has only 0.7 beds per 1000.
  7. As per World Health Organisation (WHO), Indian health system that ranks 112 among 190 countries. What an irony! India’s GDP is approaching to rank 6th largest in the world and the GDP growth rate is the second highest in the world after China. This is called unsustainable and exclusive model of growth!
  8. While India has the fastest growing population, and an ambitious growth aspiration, it has always had a disproportionately small health budget.
  9. As per the Economic Survey 2015-2016, the expenditure by the government (Central and state governments combined) on health as percentage of GDP was meagre 1.3 per cent where as China spends approximately 3% and USA 8.3% of the GDP.
  10. As per World Health Statistics 2015, India’s per capita government expenditure on health in 2012 was $60, while the US spent $4,153.
  11. The 12th Five Year Plan document had envisaged to increase the health expenditure to 1.87 % of GDP by the end of the plan i.e. by 2017, which is already near to the end, so the aim is already unachievable.
  12. The Draft National Health Policy 2015 aims to raise the public health expenditure to 2.5 % of the GDP from the current 1.3%. But the government are more concerned about memorials for the dead than for the people who are living, so the aim of the health policy doesn’t look to be fulfilled even in the next 10 years!