dalhousie

  1. The New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) has passed a proposal to change the name of Dalhousie Road to Dara Shikoh Road, the eldest son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
  2. The change of names are being common. Earlier Aurangzeb road was renamed as APJ Abdul Kalam Road.
  3. Replacing one by another belittles the contribution of the former. In this case, Dalhousie’s contribution is being ignored for a bigger vote bank.
  4. Lord Dalhousie served as Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856. He was 36 years of age when he came to India as Governor-General in 1848 and had many achievements to his credit during his regime of eight years.
  5. He was from the beginning determined to extend direct British rule over as large an area as possible.
  6. The chief instrument through which Lord Dalhousie implemented his policy of annexation was the Doctrine of Lapse.
  7. Under the policy of “Doctrine of Lapse” when the ruler of a protected state died without a natural heir, his state was not to pass to an adopted heir as sanctioned by the age-old tradition of the country. Instead, it was to be annexed to the British India, unless the adoption had been clearly approved earlier by the British authorities.
  8. In fact, Dalhousie’s Doctrine of Lapse was a part of his imperialist policy and was based on the old maxim of “Might is Right”.
  9. On the other hand, he introduced a number of reforms which paved the way for the modernisation of India and also earned the title, “Maker of the Modern India”.
  10. He was the father of Indian Railways. The first railway line connecting Bombay with Thane was laid down in 1853. It covered a distance of twenty-six miles.
  11. In 1852 Dalhousie introduced the Electric Telegraph System in India. The first telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra was opened in 1854, covering a distance of 800 miles. By 1857, it was extended to Lahore and Peshawar.
  12. He has his share of critics too and it is said that he laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 by his expansionist policies.
  13. The person who once acquired large states for the British Empire could not save a stretch of road under his own name!
  14. Next target may be Dalhousie, a tourist spot in Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh!dara sikoh
  15. Dara Sikoh, Born on March 20, 1615 at Taragarh Fort Ajmer, was the eldest son of Shah Jahan.
  16. The prince took initiative to  unite Hindu Muslim. He was also invited to lay the foundation stone of Golden Temple, Amritsar
  17. He also translated 50 Upanishads from Sanskrit to Persian, the work is called Sirr-i-Akbar ( the great mystery).
  18. It said that latest Upanishad, Muktik Upanishad has been recorded by Dara Shikoh.
  19. Shikoh was to succeed his father but was later killed by his younger brother Prince Mahiuddin (Aurangzeb) in 1659 in the battle for throne.
  20. Of course, Dara Sikoh is to respected for his efforts towards Hindu-Muslim unity and his secular approach in the times when the rulers were largely intolerant.
  21. But Dalhousie’s contribution is also not that small to be wiped away so easily. Modern rail, post, administration etc owe their presence to Dalhousie, despite the fact that they were set up to expand the British Empire.
  22. More so in the times when multiple issue of urban development are bothering the governments, wasting time and resources in such renaming exercises is not a  welcome move.