migration

  1. A picture showing the trend of international migration across the globe.
  2. Continents marked with ‘Red’ are the net senders of migrants to other continents/countries. Such as Latin America, Africa and Asia. Rest are the net receivers of migrants such as North America.
  3. What decides the migration?
  4. Lack of job opportunities, lack of overall economic development, political instability, Violence, Terrorism, climate change, prevalence of diseases are the major ones.
  5. The migration has both positive and negative impact on the receiving countries/continents.
  6. On one hand the receiving countries face burden to supply food, shelter and the challenges to law and order increases. Natives find it difficult to adjust to varieties of customs, cultures which change dramatically. There have been instances of conflict between migrants and the natives e.g Bangladeshis in Assam’s Bodoland.
  7. But on the other hand migrants bring there are benefits too.
  8. Receiving countries get cheap labor force for it’s economic activities such as agriculture and industries. Among the migrants, there are some qualified too who contribute to service sector and since low wages can be paid, countries gain.
  9. Steve jobs of Apple was a son of Syrian migrant couple to USA. And needless to say what contribution he made to USA economy that Apple is one of the world’s top brand.
  10. But what about countries experiencing an outflow of migrants?  Certainly, these countries often lose their youngest and brightest, with important implications for growth. Latin American and Caribbean countries, have lost over 50 percent of their high-skilled labor between 1965 and 2000.
  11. India too is a victim of brain drain. But the silver lining is the remittances the sender country receives in return.
  12. Trump’s policy of ‘America for Americans’ ,limiting the number of visas, and similar policies by countries across the world would do the reverse, i.e migrant flow would be checked, reverse brain drain is expected to occur.
  13. With globalization, migration is inevitable, so it is better to make policies for smooth integration of migrants in the alien country rather their alienation.
  14. What does a well-designed integration policy should include?
    • First, strengthening the ability of labor markets to absorb migrants.
    • Second, enhancing access to education and training.
    • Third, improving skill recognition , by adopting simple, affordable and transparent procedures to recognize foreign qualifications.
    • And finally, supporting migrant entrepreneurs by reducing barriers to start-ups and providing support with legal advice, counseling and training.
  15. If these steps are taken, it is possible that the challenges of global migration could be turned into an opportunity for the receiving countries.