pslv c37

  1. India’s space agency ISRO has made a world record after it launched a record 104 satellites on a single rocket from the Sriharikota spaceport on February 15, 2017.
  2. Before India, this record was held by Russian Space Agency, as it had launched 37 satellites in one go during its mission in June 2014. India had previously launched 23 satellites in a single mission in June 2015.
  3. The satellites were launched by ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) in a single mission. PSLV-C37 carrying the 104 satellites lifted off from the first launch pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota at 9.28 am on its 39th mission.
  4. Out of the total 104 satellites placed in orbit, 101 satellites belonged to 6 foreign countries including 96 from the USA and 1 each from Israel, the UAE, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Kazakhstan. Rest were Indian.
  5. PSLV first injected its main payload Cartosat- 2 series, India’s indigenously built earth observation satellite. It was followed by two other nanosatellites of ISRO, INS-1A and INS-1B.
  6. Cartosat-2 series satellite made especially to monitor activities of India’s hostile neighbours at a resolution of less than a metre keeping a bird’s eye view on both Pakistan and China.
  7. Images from the satellite will be used for cartographic applications, urban and rural applications, coastal land use and regulation, utility management like road network monitoring, water distribution, creation of land use maps, change detection to bring out geographical and manmade features and various other land information system (LIS) and geographical information system (GSI) applications.
  8. India’s commercial arm, Antrix Corporation, has charged about $3 million to send a satellite into space and therefore with this launch India has showcased its competitiveness in the $300 billion global space market.
  9. This makes ISRO’s score to 226 satellites including 179 foreign satellites and as of 15 February 2017 the PSLV has made 39 launches, with 37 successfully reaching their planned orbits. All launches have occurred from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), known as the Sriharikota Range (SHAR) before 2002.
  10. With the successful launch of the lastest mission, ISRO has proved that it also has the capabilities of knocking centuries that too at bowls from the foreign players.